Barech (also Baraich, Bareach, Barreach) is a Pashtun tribe indigenous to southern Kandahar province of Afghanistan and in Quetta, Pakistan.
The Barech formed the largest tribal grouping among the Rohilla Pashtuns of North India. The Barech live primarily in Shorawak District.The Barech moved from Qila Bust (Kalabus) province Helmand to Shorawak province Qandahar.
The historic fort in Helmand is still called the Barech Fort or Aslam Khan Barech Fort.
Aslam Khan Barech was the ruler of Bust in around 1588. Shaikh Bostan Barech was a noble writer and poet of Pashto language.
He went to India and settled in Samana, and then after his return to Shorawak in 1578, he wrote a book named ‘Bostan al Auliya’.
This is mentioned in the Pashto language’s authentic book ‘Pata Khazana’ by Hauthak bin Dawood.
The most famous of all Barechs is Khan Fateh Khan Barech; the son of Aslam Khan. He is considered as a hero and a symbol of pride for all Barechs. His first stay was at Shorawak (Qandahar Province).
There he discovered the Pashtun tribe known as Tareen engaged in a battle with their enemies. Fateh Khan joined the Tareens in Pishin, Balochistan and together they defeated the enemies.
Fateh Khan and his companions then marched towards Lahore. They faced strong resistance from Sikhs near Lahore.
They continued to Sialkot. During this time, King Akbar died and his son Jahangir became the new King of the Mughal Empire.
Fateh Khan and his band proceeded to Mughal Kot near old Delhi and captured Gawarian Fort. After capturing the fort, they planned the conquest of Delhi.
The Mughal regime intercepted their plans and immediately sent an army to surround the fort. Early in the morning, Fateh Khan asked his companions for advice.
They could surrender or fight. All of them opted to fight. After a twelve-day siege, they exited the fort and fought the Mughal army.
The Mughals failed to conquer the fort. Fateh Khan survived though he was heavily wounded. The next day he attacked the Mughal Army again. He and his remaining companions then met their end.Bakht Khan (1797–13 May 1859), Commander-in-Chief of Indian rebel forces in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a Pashtun from a branch of the Barech tribe.
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